The fundamental rights are under protected and guaranteed by the constitution of India. The word fundamental suggest that these rights are so important that the constitution has separately listed them.
Fundamental rights are different from other rights because ordinary rights are protected and enforced by legal law and changed by the legislative by the ordinary process of making law but Fundamental rights are protected and guaranteed by the constitution of the country and may be changed by the amending the constitution itself.
Judiciary has the power and responsibility to protect the fundamental rights from violation by the government.
Originally the constitution provided us seven fundamental Rights-
- Right to equality
- Right to freedom
- Right to exploitation
- Right to freedom of religion
- Cultural and Educational rights
- Right to constitutional remedies
- Right to property.
However, the Right to property was removed from the list of fundamental rights by the 44th Amendment act 1978. It is made a legal right in part XII under article 300A of the constitution.
In present we have only six fundamental rights .